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    2019年高考全國卷秋季科學備考研討會 高中教師英語學科核心素養培訓體會 英語學科——何思萍

    來源:時間:2019-10-08 瀏覽:

         

               

    提綱:(一)主要學習內容(二)心得體會與反思(三)改進措施和做法

    (一)主要學習內容

    第四部分   詞匯教學

    詞匯知識內容要求:

    (1)詞匯中的任何詞語都是通過一定的句法關系和語義關系與其他詞語建立起一定聯系的,并在語境中傳遞信息的。學習詞匯不只是記憶詞的音、形、義,更重要的是在語篇中,通過聽、說、讀、看、寫等語言活動,理解和表達與主題相關的信息或觀點。

    (2)高中階段的詞匯教學除了引導學生更深入地理解和更廣泛地運用已學詞匯以外,重點是要在語境中培養學生的詞塊意識,并通過廣泛閱讀,進一步擴大詞匯量,提高運用詞匯準確理解和確切表達意義的能力。

    必修詞匯知識要求:

    (1)了解詞匯的詞根、詞綴,掌握詞性的變化規律,并用于理解和表達有關主題的信息和觀點;

    (2)在語境中,根據不同的主題,運用詞匯命名相關事物,進行指代,描述行為、過程和特征,說明概念等;

    (3)累計掌握2000-2100個單詞。

    選擇性必修詞匯知識要求

    (1)在語境中,理解具體詞語的功能、詞義的內涵和外延以及作者的意圖和態度等;

    (2)根據不同的主題,梳理詞語,并用于理解和表達相關的信息;

    (3)學習形容詞與名詞、動詞與副詞、動詞與名詞等的習慣搭配,逐漸積累詞塊,確切表達意思、描述事物;

    (4)在比較復雜的語境中,運用恰當詞匯命名事物,進行指代,描述事件發生,描述特征,說明概念等;

    (5)累計掌握3000-3200個單詞。

    提高類選修詞匯知識要求

    (1)運用構詞法知識,擴大詞匯量,結合各種主題意境,積累詞塊,深度學習詞語,在表達各種信息時提高詞語使用的準確性和豐富性;

    (2)在特定的語境中,有效地使用同義詞、近義詞、反義詞,正確理解和確切表達比較復雜的主題意義和觀點;

    (3)根據話題、語境、場合和人際關系等各種因素,選擇適當的詞語進行比較流利的交流和表達;

    (4)累計掌握4000 - 4200個單詞。

    Part One  必會動詞詞組

    Part Three   同義提升詞匯

    Part four  詞義的內涵和外延;

    第五部分  語法教學 

    語法知識內容要求(簡略)

    (1)運用所學的語法知識,理解口頭和書面語篇的基本意義,描述真實和想象世界中的人和物、情景和事件,簡單地表達觀點、意圖和情感態度。

    (2)在語篇中理解和使用非謂語動詞形式。

    (3)在語篇中理解和使用各種時態和語態。

    (4)在語篇中理解和使用定語從句、狀語從句和名詞性從句。

    (5)在語篇中理解和使用簡單的省略句。

    (6)在語篇中借助五類句子成分動詞短語、名詞短語、形容詞短語、副詞短語、介詞短語)有選擇地對長句和難句進行分析。

    ★非謂語動詞+定語從句案例(掌握表達性技能)

    ★常用句型學習:

    ★句型多樣化學習:

    ★多樣化句型的運用:

    ★難長句語法、句法分析:

    第六部分  語篇教學 

    語篇知識要求(必修)

    1. 記敘文和說明文語篇的主要寫作目的(如:再現經歷、傳遞信息、說明事實、想象創作)以及這類語篇的結構特征(如:該類語篇的必要組成部分和可選組成部分、各組成部分順序等);

    2. 日常生活中常見的語篇結構、基本格式及語言特點;

    3. 新聞報道的常見語篇結構、標題特征和語言特點;

    4. 語篇中的顯性銜接和連貫手段,如:通過使用代詞、連接詞、省略句、替代等手段來實現的指代、連接、省略、替代等銜接關系;

    5. 語篇中的段首句、主題句、過渡句的作用、位置及行文特征;

    6. 語境在語篇中理解和語篇所產出過程中的作用;語境與語篇結構、語篇內容的關系,比如:通過語境預測語篇內容,通過語篇內容推測語篇發生的語境。

    ★語篇知識要求(選擇性必修)

    1. 散文、詩歌、廣告、訪談等語篇的主要目的(如:表達情感、娛樂、獲取或傳遞信息)以及這些語篇類型的語篇結構特征;

    2. 議論文語篇的朱濤寫作目的及其主要語篇結構特征及論證方法;

    3. 文學語篇的寫作風格和主要語言特征;

    4. 正式和非正式語篇、口頭語書面語篇的語言特征及差異;

    5. 語篇中的信息組織方式,如:語篇中新舊信息的布局及承接關系;

    6. 語法結構在組織語篇中的作用,如:通過被動語態或調整主從復合句中主句和從句的位置,在劇中合理安排重要信息的位置,以提高語篇的連貫性;

    7. 語篇成分(如:句子、句群、段落)之間的語義邏輯關系,如:次序關系、因果關系、概括與例證的關系。

    第七部分  文化知識

    物質方面:飲食、服飾、建筑、交通、發明與創造等。

    精神方面:哲學、科學、教育、歷史、文學、藝術、價值觀、道德修養、審美情趣、

              社會規約、風俗習慣等。

    文化知識要求(必修)

    1.了解英美等國家的主要傳統節日及其歷史與現實意義;比較中外傳統節日的異同,探討中外傳統節日對文化認同、文化傳承的價值和意義;

    2. 了解英美等國家的主要習俗;對比中國的主要習俗,尊重和包容文化的多樣性;

    3.了解英美等國家主流體育運動,感悟中外體育精神的共同訴求;

    4. 了解英美等國家的文學家、藝術家、科學家、政治家及其成就、貢獻等,學習和借鑒人類文明的優秀成果;

    5. 發現并理解語篇中包含的不同文化元素,理解其中寓意;

    6. 理解常用英語成語和俗語的文化內涵;對比英漢語中常用成語和俗語的表達方式,感悟語言和文化的密切關系;

    7. 在學習活動中初步感知和體驗英語語言的美;

    8. 了解英美等國家人們在行為舉止和待人接物等方面與中國人的異同,得體處理差異,自信大方,實現有效溝通。

    9. 學習并初步運用英語介紹中國的傳統節日和中華優秀傳統文化(如京劇、文學、繪畫、園林、飲食文化等),具有傳播中華優秀傳統文化的意識。

    (2) 中國文化詞匯:

    1. lunar                                 農歷

    2. spring festival couplet                 春聯

    3. firecracker                         鞭炮

    4. dynasty                           朝代

    5. celebrate the spring festival                過年

    6. lantern                            燈籠

    7. red packets                        紅包

    8. pay new year’s call                   拜年

    9. lucky money/ given money                       壓歲錢

    10. the dinner on new year’s eve                  年夜飯

    11. bid farewell to the old year                     辭舊歲

    12. Double-ninth Day                                          重陽節

    13. Dragon Boat Festival                              端午節

    14. traditional opera                                      戲曲

    15. Mid-autumn Festival                               中秋節

    16. motto                                                       座右銘;格言

    17. a decorative handicraft art                   手工裝飾藝術品

    18.the Chinese zodiac                      十二生肖

    19. avoid bad luck                        辟邪

    20. totem                           圖騰

    21. the descendants of the dragon             龍的傳人

    22. the typical, traditional costumes             獨特的傳統服飾

    23. begin as early as … (start from …; originate from …) 起始于

    24. a rich traditional activity                      盛大的傳統活動

    25. Tomb-sweeping Day                               清明節

    26. worship ancestors                                    祭拜祖先

    27. guess riddles                                           猜謎語

    28. set off fireworks                                     放鞭炮

    29. temple fairs                                             廟會

    30. paste couplets                                          貼對聯

    31. add merry atmosphere to the festival  增加節日的氣氛

    32. a traditional snack                                   傳統小吃

    33. be welcomed / enjoyed by                      廣受歡迎 = be popular among sb

    34. be rich in plenty of …                             富含…

    35. have a taste of childhood                      有童年的味道

    36. be convenient for use                      便于使用

    37. have a mean of good wish                    有祝福的含義

    38. be famous / noted / well-known for (as)… 以… 而聞名;作為… 而聞名

    39. be perfectly integrated                       完美融合

    40. an impressive place                          一個給人留下深刻印象的地方

    41. Chinese paintings                        國畫

    42. be rich in form and unique in style         形式多樣,風格獨特

    43. open up the “Silk Road”                        開辟了絲綢之路

       promote the project of “One Belt, One Road”        倡議一帶一路

    44. have a colorful culture of folk music                           有燦爛的民族音樂文化

    45. an essence of Chinese culture                                    中國文化的精髓

    46. be an integral element of Chinese culture                   是中國文化不可或缺的元素

    47. radiate fully the natural beauty                               盡顯自然之美

    48. be amazed by … / be astonished at …                      驚嘆于…

    49. be well-preserved                                完好保存

    50. cover an area of …                               占地…

    51. the most significant historical and cultural site            最重要的歷史文化遺址

    52. obtain its great reputation                               聲名遠揚

    53. a splendid building                              輝煌的建筑

    54. be located/ situated  in …/lie in …                           位于…

    55. a miracle in human history                                        人類歷史中的奇跡

    56. have a total length of …                                            總長度為…

    57. cultural relics                                     歷史文化遺跡

    58. natural landscapes                                      自然景觀

    59. enjoy horsemanship performance or a bonfire party    欣賞賽馬比賽或篝火晚會

    60. be a famous tourism city                                         一個著名的旅游城市

    61. attract / appeal to innumerable tourists                      吸引了大量的游客

    62. leave lots of everlasting poems and prose                    留下了大量的曠世佳作和詩篇

    63. be in thousands of postures                          千姿百態

    64. become the symbol of Chinese spirit                  成為中國精神的符號

    65. begin to open to the public                        開始向公眾開放

    66. be historical and cultural attractions                  是歷史文化旅游景點

    67.  be full of wisdom                                           充滿了智慧

    68. turn a new page in the history of China                翻開了中國歷史新的一頁

    69. be a fantastic place for sightseeing                   是觀光的好地方

    70. A Dream in Red Mansions;                                  紅樓夢  

       Heroes of the Marshes                                 水滸傳

       The Romance of the Three Kingdoms               三國演義

       The Journey to the West                                 西游記

    (3) 中國傳統文化文段:

    (1) 漢語成語和寓言故事是中國語言文化和智慧寶庫中耀眼奪目的明珠。每則成語有一段歷史的典故,內容豐富,寓意深刻。寓言故事所具有的道德教育功能遠勝于其文學價值。它們反映了中國人的價值觀,它們代代相傳, 深入人心。

    Being an important part of the Chinese language and culture, Chinese idioms and fables are precious treasures of Chinese wisdom. They are rich in content and have profound meanings as well. The merits of these stories lie not so much in their literary worth as in the common folk wisdom they convey. The significance of these folktales is the display of Chinese values. These Chinese values have been passed down from one generation to the next / another through the telling of tales.

    (2) 在中國的傳統中,中國人一貫把運動看成是強身健體和娛樂的方式。例如:端午節的龍舟比賽、重陽節的登山、農歷新年的舞龍,舞獅。作為一個具有幾千年傳承的多元化文化傳統的國家,中國已經在世界體育里占有了重要的地位,豐富了人類文明的體育文化。

    Traditionally, Chinese people view sports as an essential method for fit-keeping as well as for entertainment, like the dragon-boat race during the Dragon-boat Festival, mountain-climbing during the Double-ninth Festival and dragon-dance and lion-dance during the Spring Festival. Being a country with diverse cultural traditions passed down from one generation to another over thousands of years, China is playing an important part in the sporting world and enriching the sports culture of human

    (3) 中國結是一種中華民族特有的手工編織工藝品,具有悠久的歷史。它始于遠古,發展于唐宋,流行于明清。中國結經常被用來表示良好的祝愿,包括幸福、繁榮、愛情和辟邪。它是中國人代代傳承下來的民間手工藝品,代表著中國傳統文化的精髓。

    Traditional Chinese knots are typical arts ofChinawith a long history. It appeared in ancient time, developed in Tang and Song Dynasties and publicized in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Chinese knots are often used to express good wishes, including happiness, prosperity, love and the absence of evil. Chinese knot has been passed down from generation to generation as a folk handicraft with profound cultural connotations. 

    (4) 在中國的傳統文化中,人際關系講究“和為貴 ”。

    In Chinese tradition, when it comes to personal relationship, people mean harmony is the most significant.

    (5)  它是中華民族優秀文化的精髓,承載著這個古老民族的精神追求和民族特點。

    It is not only the essence of the nation’s splendid cultures but also carries the nation’s spiritual

    seeking/pursuit and national characteristics.  

    (6) 在中國的傳統文化中,龍是這個民族的圖騰。即:中國人是龍的傳人。

    In the traditional Chinese culture, dragon is the nation’s totem, namely, the Chinese are its posterities.

    (7) 想要了解中國和中國人,就必須了解漢語和漢字。目前,傳播漢語的孔子學院遍布世界各國,它們搭起了世界了解中國和中國了解世界的橋梁。

    To understandChinaand the Chinese, one ought to set about understanding the Chinese language and its characters. Nowadays, Kongzi Institutes for foreigners to learn the Chinese language have been set up/founded almost all over the world. They have set up the bridge between the foreigners who want to know about China and its cultures and the Chinese who are ready to get close to foreign cultures.

    (8) 絲綢之路是一個國際通道,歷史悠久。它在中西文化交流之間建立了一座橋梁。

    TheSilk Roadwas an international passage with historical significance. It helped to promote the exchange of the western and eastern communications as well as civilizations.

    (9) 每年農歷的八月十五是中國傳統的中秋節。每當這個節日到來,人們都會回家團聚,而那些不能回家的人則眺望明月,思念家人和故鄉。

    The 15th day of every 8th lunar month is the traditional Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival. When the festival comes on, people will go all the way home to join their family in the celebration, while those unable to reunite with their family will watch the full moon hanging high in the sky and give best wishes to their hometown and all the folks in their heart.

    (10) 書法是借助文字來陶冶情操,抒發情感的藝術。它是漢字獨有的藝術,也是深受中國和世界人民喜愛的藝術形式。雖然書法以漢字為表達工具,但是欣賞書法并非要懂中文。在中國文化中,書法歷史悠久,并且因其抽象和莊嚴而被公認為是最有啟迪性力量的藝術形式。在中國百姓看來,書法不僅是結交朋友的一種好方法,而且能夠保健身體。

    Chinese calligraphy is an art of self-cultivation and self-expression with Chinese characters. It reflects the mood of the writer and has the unique beauty of Chinese script. Today, it is enjoyed by people throughout the world. One doesn’t have to know Chinese while appreciating its beauty since calligraphy use Chinese characters as its vehicles to communicate the spiritual world of the artist. In Chinese history, calligraphy dates from the earliest day, and has been widely practiced throughoutChinauntil the present day. It is so abstract and sublime that in Chinese culture it is taken as the most enlightening art form. For the Chinese average people, practicing calligraphy is not only a good means to make friends but also helps people build up their bodies. (= but also benefits people in keeping fit.)

    (11) 中國飲食文化

    1. 筷子起源于古代中國,后來傳入越南、日本和韓國。

      Chopsticks originated in ancient China and later spread to Vietnam, Japan and South Korea.

    2. 筷子可以用很多材料制作。例如:動物骨頭、竹子、木頭、銀子等。

    Chopsticks can be made of animal's bones, bamboo, wood silver and other materials. However, most of them are made of wood and bamboo nowadays.

    3. 筷子既使用方便,有經濟實惠。所以,逐漸成為亞洲文化的重要象征。

    Chopsticks are convenient for use and cheap in price. So they have evolved into an important symbol of Asian culture.

    4. 用餐時,人們習慣將筷子夾在拇指和其他手指之間,用于夾起食物。用筷子隨意撥弄盤中的菜肴是極為不禮貌的行為。在中國的很多地方,長輩不動筷子,晚輩是不可以先夾食物的。這遵循的是尊老的傳統美德。

    During the meal, chopsticks are held between the thumb and one of the fingers. And in this way,  people can pick up pieces of food. It is bad manners to stir up the dishes in the plates as one likes. In quite a lot of places inChina, the younger ones are not permitted to pick up food before their older family members

    start to eat, which is a good behavior to respect the elderly people.

    (4) 中外成語:

    一舉兩得                            kill two birds with one stone

    七上八下                            have butterflies in one’s stomach

    本性難移                            The leopard can’t change its spots.

    害群之馬                            the black sheep of the society

    不入虎穴焉得虎子             Nothing venture, nothing gain

    畏縮不前                            have one’s tail between one’s legs

    滴水穿石                            The waters wear the stones.

    班門弄斧                            teach one’s grandmother how to suck eggs

    畫蛇添足                            paint the lily

    見樹不見林                            can not see the wood for the trees

    人不可貌相                            One cannot judge a tree by its bark.

    趁熱打鐵                            Strike while the iron is hot.

    改過自新                            change one’s habits for the better

    觀其行而知其人                   A person should be judged by his deeds, not by his words.

    化干戈為玉帛                 beat swords into plowshares

    獨木不成林                 One tree doesn’t make a forest.

    遠親不如近鄰                       Better neighbors that is near than a brother far off.

    半瓶醋響叮當                 Empty vessels make the most noise.

    無風不起浪                 There is no smoke without fire.            

    海底撈針                look for a needle in a haystack               

    言多必失                When words are many, sin is not absent.=Holding one’s tongue is wise.

    防微杜漸                nip in the bud

    三個臭皮匠勝過諸葛亮    Two heads are better than one.

    心有余而力不足                   The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.    

    筆比劍更有力               The pen is mightier than the sword.

    了如指掌                         understand someone like the palm of one’s hands

    星星之火可以燎原               A single fire can start a prairie fire.

    捷足先登                The early bird catches the worms.

    設身處地                be in another man’s shoes

    泰然自若                look as cool as a cucumber

    茅塞頓開                The scales fall from one’s eyes.

    種瓜得瓜種豆得豆              As a man sows, so he shall reap.

    錦上添花                 apples of gold in pictures of silver

      For people who suffer from disasters, the urgent need is not “apples of gold in pictures of silver” but “fuel in snowy weather”.

    身教勝于言教。                  Acts speak louder than words.

    正人先正己。                         He is not fit to command others that cannot command himself.

    有所嘗試,才能有所作為。Something attempted, something done.

    吃一塹,長一智。                 Experience is the best teacher.

    眾人拾柴火焰高。                 Many hands make light work.

    今天的事不要拖到明天。     Never leave that until tomorrow, which you can do today.

    (5) 外國文化:

    (1) Christmas is a festival celebrated by Christians on December 25th to mark the birth of Jesus Christ.

    Most western nations now celebrate Christmas from December 24 (Christmas Eve) through January 1st or 6th. Over the years, many nations have celebrated Christmas in their own way, leading to an abundance of different customs and traditions for celebrating the holiday.

    (2) April Fool’s Day falls on the first day of April when people play tricks on others, especially telling them something that is not true. It is an interesting festival which is said to originate in France. 

    (3) William Shakespeare is considered the greatest writer and poet of the English language. He wrote 37 plays all throughout his life, of which his early play Romeo and Juliet was the most famous. His works were popular because they accurately showed human natures and characters. 

    (4) A tip is extra money given to a server, such as a waiter or taxi driver to reward particularly good

    service. Tipping probably originated inLondonduring the 18th century. Tipping is a common

    practice in various countries, especially inAmerica. It is because the employers in theU.S.are permitted to pay the waiters or waitresses in restaurants below the government-decreed minimum hourly wage.

     (5) Mother’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday in May. On this occasion, Mother usually receives greeting cards and gifts from her husband and children. For most mothers, the rarest and best gift is a day of rest. Often, families honor Mother by taking her out for a big dinner so that Mom can spend a while day away from the kitchen. Besides, flowers are an important part of the holiday. Mothers are often given carnation.

    (6) Baseball is so popular a sport in the United States that it  is considered as America’s national game. Almost every city in the country has one or more baseball leagues. When a new season comes, the president of theUnited Stateswill get to the field and throw out the first ball of the sea – the opening pitch. Unlike the other games – basketball and football, baseball is an ideal sport for individual performances rather than community’s. 

     (7) Charles Dickens was an English author, generally considered the most popular writer of the 1800s. His books reflect his observations and personal experience with the lives of the rich and poor inLondonduring the time of QueenVictoria. He tried to use his vivid descriptions of the suffering of the poor to help improve their situations, especially in his stories of poor children and orphans. His most famous books about poor children are Oliver Twist (1838), David Copperfield (1850), and Great Expectations (1861). So far, his works have enjoyed great popularity among the youth and teenagers all over the world.

    第八部分 語言技能     新課程標準 (必修)

    關注點1

    1. 根據上下文語境準確使用詞匯,尤其是動詞;

    2. 審題意識和過程意識;

    3. 構思寫作提綱,拓展和填充支撐素材;

    4. 提升邏輯思維能力;

    5. 得體性和交際性;

    6. 強調四種意識:目的意識、讀者意識、任務意識、禮貌意識。

    關注點2

    1. 依靠背誦和套模板的教學和寫作模式已經不靈驗了;

    2. 缺乏語境和語用意識會導致高考寫作分數的丟失;

    3. 補充恰當的細節,增加靈活度和自由發揮的空間已經成為今后的趨勢;

    4. 具有扎實語言表達基本功、行文連貫、得體交際的考生才是勝者。

    (二)心得體會與反思

    1.注重研究和細節。

    2.學生的解題能力是教師講出來的。

    3.站在學生的角度思考,調整教學思路,教課,輔導,選題,一定要有針對性。

      (三)改進措施和做法

    1.備課會互相交流講課心得。

    2.抓好早讀,課堂,課后作業。

    3.每日一練,周練出題要創新,有新意,有針對性,內容具體,有開放性,立足考查的落腳點,直擊學生的困惑點。比如,回來后我給大家出了一張每日一練。

    每日一練24

    一,多項選擇題

    答案1. ABCD  2.BC  3.ABCD  4.ABCD  5.AD

    1. I’ve always believed that happiness ________ than money.

    A. matters more     B. counts more    C. is more important  D. is more valuable

    2. It is high time that we should take some measures to protect endangered animals.(選擇與劃線部分有同義詞的選項)

    A. weights and measures   B. safety measures

    C. an emergency measure    D. beyond measure

    3. 哪組是同義詞塊?

    A. count sb. as…/consider sb. as…  B. count on/depend on

    C. account for/make up    D. in some measure/ to some degree/to a certain degree

    4. 那組單詞形式是正確的?

    A. argument, measurement  B. extremely, possibly  

    C. writing , waiting         D. occurred, referred

    5. 在我看來,應該采取更多有效的措施來緩解交通壓力。

    ________, more effective measures should ___________to relieve the heavy traffic.

    A. Personally speaking , be taken   B. In my opinion, takes

    C. From my point of view, taking  D. As far as I am concerned, be taken

    二、根據漢語和英語提示用恰當的詞或短語完成句子。二、1. accounts for   2. occurred to him  3. accurate   4. considerable  5. considerate   6.is located  7. Located    8.be exposed to,

    9.exposed to 10.is picking up

    . My study time (占) ____________________80% of my daily life. (account)

    2. The idea _________________________(出現在他的頭腦中) in a dream . (occur)

    3. It’s difficult to get ________figures on population numbers.(exact/precise的同義詞)

    4. The project wasted a(n) _____________(consider)amount of time and money.

    5.We have all wished for men who are more (體貼的)___________________.(consider)

    6.The factory ___________________on this street.(坐落于)locate

    7.________________(坐落于)on this street, the factory is easy to find.(locate)

    8.In the future you will __________________more and more choice.(expose)

    9. But the world is full of things that grow stronger when _____________stress.(expose)

    10. The wind______  _______  _______ (越刮越大) now. (pick)

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